New cases of ‘Whooping ‘ cough/Pertussis infections are on the rise in the US. The CDC reports 48,000 new Pertussis infections in 2012, the highest number since 1955. Pertussis infections can result in serious illness, especially for the newborn, where the condition can be life-threatening.
The CDC and ACOG recommend the Tdap vaccine (tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis) in pregnancy. The vaccine is considered safe in all trimesters of pregnancy, though recommended at 27-36 weeks gestation. Receiving the vaccine duringpregnancy improves the chances of your baby receiving ‘passive’ immunity from the infection. If the vaccine was not received during the pregnancy, vaccination in the immediate postpartum time period is the next recommendation. Close contact and the baby’s caregivers should also be vaccinated. Pregnant women should be re-vaccinated with each pregnancy.
When is the right time to start ‘the talk’ with teens about sex-related issues…how to say No -or- how to protect themselves against pregnancy and STDs if they are, or considering, sexual activity? Some studies do suggest that parents may underestimate their teen’s sexually activity. According to the CDC, among U.S. high school students surveyed in 2011, 47.4% have already had sexual intercourse.
As the health providers in our practice, we want to provide health guidance regarding responsible sexual behaviors, for both teens who are and who are not sexually active. We’ve developed a new campaign in our office to encourage health habits for teens, called “i-ProMiss Health.” Our teen patients will receive a personal wallet-sized card –a ‘personal health promise contract’-to sign (and keep with them) after considering their own personal decisions regarding the health related issues of abstinence, condom use, healthy eating and exercise. The personal wallet card will be accompanied by an “i-ProMiss Health” rubber band bracelet as a personal reminder token.
In the recent several years, public health initiatives have been underway to increase public awareness of the prevalence of the HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) among the sexually active population, it’s health consequences of genital warts and cervical cancer, and the recommendations for Gardasil, one the available vaccines effective in the prevention of HPV. How much do you know/understand about HPV?
Test your knowledge of HPV here, with this simple quiz:
1. Of sexually transmitted infections, the most common is:
– HPV (the Human Papilloma Virus)
– HSV (the Herpes Simplex Virus)
– HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
2. The HPV virus is spread by:
Genital contact, most commonly through sex
Straight and same-sex partners
All of the above
3. The HPV is the cause of most cases of both genital warts, and cervical cancer?
4. The majority of cases of HPV infection cause no (visible) signs of infection at all, and are cleared by our body’s own immune system?
5. The HPV is a ‘newly’ discovered virus, linked with genital warts and cervical cancer?
6. The HPV vaccines are more than 90% effective in preventing genital warts and cervical cancer in femalefemafemifemales vaccinated before their sexual debut?